Vanilla JavaScript try...catch


Learn how to use Vanilla JavaScript try, catch and finally

16 Apr, 2020 · 3 min read

JavaScript errors are one of the worse, in my opinion, their vague, reference a million files and do not always make perfect sense.

This is where the try...catch can come in handy.

Let’s dive into Try , Catch and Finally

Simple try catch in Vanilla JavaScript

The most easy way that I tend to use is the following:

try {
  // Insert your code here
} catch (e) {
  // e now contains your error

Doesn’t solve or block anything, but defines your error better.

Try Catch Finally

There is another block we can add to our try...catch and it’s called finally this code will always be executed no matter what the try or catch do, see following example:

try {
  throw new Error('Error made');
} catch (e) {
} finally {
  console.log('All done');
// Output:
// Error made
// All done

JavaScript throw

As you can see in above example we actually use throw but what does that even mean?

We use the throw to send custom errors

Handling specific Errors in try catch

Sometimes it’s just not enough to console log the whole error, but let’s say it’s a specific type of error we want to return something else. For this use case we can use instanceof.

try {
} catch (e) {
  if (e instanceof TypeError) {
    // statements to handle TypeError exceptions
  } else if (e instanceof RangeError) {
    // statements to handle RangeError exceptions
  } else if (e instanceof EvalError) {
    // statements to handle EvalError exceptions
  } else {
    // statements to handle any unspecified exceptions
    consoel.log(e); // Just log the error

Mix try…catch with promises

I tend to use try...catch a lot in promise scenarios. It’s an super easy way to reject the code without it crashing.

See the following example:

function getAPIBaseURL() {
  return new Promise(function (resolve, reject) {
    try {
      // Call api do function code
    } catch (error) {

As your can see we use a promise as normal, but inside we include a try...catch block and resolve if the try function returns correct else we reject with the error.

See it in action on this Codepen:

See the Pen Vanilla Javascript try...catch by Chris Bongers (@rebelchris) on CodePen.

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