Dynamically call a Function in JavaScript

β€” 5 minute read

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Have you ever had the scenario where you needed to call a function based on a variable?

In my most recent use case, I had an area of dynamic modules and needed to loop over them. Then, if I found one with the right values, I needed to call the function dynamically.

So how does a dynamic function call work?

JS function definition permalink

First, let's start with the code for our JS functions:

function customClick(button) {
button.addEventListener('click', function(event) {
alert('custom click');
});
}

function customUppercase(input) {
input.addEventListener('keyup', function() {
input.value = input.value.toUpperCase();
});
}

Not very exciting functions, but good enough to test with.

For this example we are going to use the following HTML:

<input type="text" data-module="customUppercase" /> <br /><br />
<button type="submit" data-module="customClick">Done</button>

Dynamically call a Function in JavaScript permalink

Let's start by defining our array of custom objects:

var options = ['Click', 'Uppercase'];

We will now loop over these:

for (var i = 0; i < options.length; i++) {
console.log(options[i]);
}

Within the modules we need to get all types that have the data-module we are passing:

for (var i = 0; i < options.length; i++) {
var items = document.querySelectorAll('[data-module="custom' + options[i] + '"]');
for (var j = 0; j < items.length; j++) {
// Call function
}
}

Now, we need to call the function dynamically based on our variable:

for (var i = 0; i < options.length; i++) {
var items = document.querySelectorAll('[data-module="custom' + options[i] + '"]');
for (var j = 0; j < items.length; j++) {
this['custom' + options[i]](items[j]);
}
}

That's how to dynamically call JS functions based on the value in another variable!

Try the code example in this Codepen permalink

See the Pen Vanilla JavaScript Dynamically Calling a Function by Chris Bongers (@rebelchris) on CodePen.

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