Vanilla JavaScript colouring our canvas elements 🌈

β€” 4 minute read

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So far, we have learned the basics of the canvas, and how to export it as an image. But it was all plain looking, so let's go ahead and explore our colouring options for the canvas.

Today we'll learn how to make the following;

See the Pen Vanilla JavaScript colouring our canvas elements 🌈 - transparency by Chris Bongers (@rebelchris) on CodePen.

Option for colouring permalink

We have been using fillRect and stroke options. If we want to add colour to this we can use the following two options:

  • fillStyle => Colour for the inside of our element
  • strokeStyle => Colour for the stroke

Let's say we want to make our block purple, all these options will result in the same result:

ctx.fillStyle = 'purple';
ctx.fillStyle = '#800080';
ctx.fillStyle = 'rgb(128, 0, 128)';
ctx.fillStyle = 'rgba(128, 0, 128, 1)';

Let's try this out on our basic square in Codepen.

See the Pen Vanilla JavaScript colouring our canvas elements 🌈 - FillStyle by Chris Bongers (@rebelchris) on CodePen.

The same can be used for our strokeStyle as such:

ctx.strokeStyle = 'purple';
ctx.strokeStyle = '#800080';
ctx.strokeStyle = 'rgb(128, 0, 128)';
ctx.strokeStyle = 'rgba(128, 0, 128, 1)';

And that will result in the following Codepen.

See the Pen Vanilla JavaScript colouring our canvas elements 🌈 - StrokeStyle by Chris Bongers (@rebelchris) on CodePen.

Using transparency on canvas elements permalink

The cool part, which you might have spotted, is the rgba method.

We can set our transparency and have overlapping elements like this:

ctx.fillStyle = 'rgba(46, 196, 182, 0.5)';
ctx.fillRect(25,25,100,100);

ctx.fillStyle = 'rgba(231, 29, 54, 0.5)';
ctx.fillRect(75,75,100,100);

This will result in the following Codepen.

See the Pen Vanilla JavaScript colouring our canvas elements 🌈 - transparency by Chris Bongers (@rebelchris) on CodePen.

Browser Support permalink

The canvas element is well supported these days and is defiantly a good option if you want to draw vectors on screen.

HTML Canvas support

Thank you for reading, and let's connect! permalink

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