CSS cutout text with image background 🀯

β€” 4 minute read

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This effect is so cool and just around fun to see. Today we will learn how to do a cut-out text effect in CSS! The effect will show an image through the cut off text shape.

It works by having a div that holds an image as a background. On the div element, we put another text element, using blend-mode which will make the image show through the text.

Example code for text cutout permalink

You can see a CSS code example of a knockout text in this Codepen:

See the Pen CSS cut out effect that will blow your mind 🀯 by Chris Bongers (@rebelchris) on CodePen.

HTML Structure permalink

The HTML for this project could not be easier. It's only a div with a text element inside.

<div class="background">
<h1>GALAXY</h1>
</div>

That's it!

CSS Cut out text effect permalink

Alright let's start by making our background div centered.

body {
display: flex;
justify-content: center;
align-items: center;
height: 100vh;
}

We are using CSS Flexbox to center anything inside the body tag. It's a versatile way of doing this if you are only styling one element.

Now we need to add our background image.

.background {
background: url("https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1465101162946-4377e57745c3?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=eyJhcHBfaWQiOjEyMDd9&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1957&q=80")
center;
background-size: cover;
}

Ok, so the background receives an image and in the CSS we set the size to cover. So now we should see something like below:

CSS text clip

It's a start but it's kind of the opposite to the effect we want. So let's go ahead and style the text element with the blend-mode.

h1 {
font-size: 15vw;
font-weight: bold;
font-family: Roboto, "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif;
color: #000;
background: #fff;
mix-blend-mode: lighten;
}

First, we set a big font-size. I'm using the viewport size to make the font responsive.

Then we set the color of the letters to be black and the background white. This gives it a full contrast. You can also change the color to get a cool alpha effect!

The last step is enabling the mix-blend-mode with CSS. Since we are using a full contrast (black/white), it will totally remove the black text and show the image behind the text element:

CSS text cut out

So this is how you create a CSS knockout effect with an background image and a few letters of text!

Browser Support for knockout text permalink

Mix-blend-mode does not have full support in all browsers. Internet Explorer for one, will not render it πŸ€•.

CSS mix-blend-mode browser support

Thank you for reading, and let's connect! permalink

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