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CSS Animated Submit Loading

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Lets make an animated Submit button

21 Jul, 2020 ยท 4 min read

Today we are going to be working on some fantastic UI element, an animated submit loading.

You have a long API call or need to verify some data the person inputted in your form. We will have a button that says "Send", and once clicked, it shows a loading animation!

HTML Structure

<div class="container">
  <form id="form">
    <input type="text" />
    <br /><br />
    <button type="submit">
      <span>Send</span>
      <svg
        aria-hidden="true"
        focusable="false"
        class="loader loading"
        viewBox="0 0 38 38"
      >
        <g
          transform="translate(2 2)"
          stroke="currentColor"
          stroke-width="4"
          fill-rule="evenodd"
        >
          <circle class="st0" stroke-opacity=".5" cx="17" cy="17" r="16.5"></circle>
          <path
            class="st1"
            d="M33.5 17C33.5 7.9 26.1.5 17 .5"
            transform="rotate(249.767 17 17)"
          >
            <animateTransform
              accumulate="none"
              additive="replace"
              attributeName="transform"
              calcMode="linear"
              dur="1s"
              from="0 17 17"
              repeatCount="indefinite"
              restart="always"
              to="360 17 17"
              type="rotate"
            ></animateTransform>
          </path>
        </g>
      </svg>
    </button>
  </form>
</div>

The main feature here is the button. We have a default span with the "Send" text in it. Next to that, we have included a span with the SVG in it. This is a circular loading element. We then use the animateTransform element to define a basic web animation!

animateTransform is very versatile but not supported in IE, so we will also be backing this up with CSS animation.

Now we need to start styling these elements.

CSS Animated Submit

button {
  background-color: #0071b2;
  color: #fff;
  border: 0 solid #015494;
  border-radius: 5px;
  font-size: 18px;
  font-weight: 700;
  padding: 0.75em 1em;
  position: relative;
}

The button is styled very basic; the only important part is the relative position here.

button * {
  transition: opacity 0.3s ease-in;
}

Then we add an opacity transform on all child elements of the button.

button .loader {
  position: absolute;
  display: block;
  fill: transparent;
  top: calc(50% - 0.75rem);
  left: calc(50% - 0.75rem);
  width: 1.5rem;
  height: 1.5rem;
  animation: rotating 1.5s linear infinite;
  display: none;
  opacity: 0;
}

Next, we define the loader span (the circle). This gets a basic width and height, and we add the rotating animation, which looks like this:

@-webkit-keyframes rotating {
  0% {
    transform: rotate(0deg);
  }
  to {
    transform: rotate(1turn);
  }
}
@keyframes rotating {
  0% {
    transform: rotate(0deg);
  }
  to {
    transform: rotate(1turn);
  }
}

This will make sure the circle is animating.

We will be adding a loading class once the user submits the form, so let's see how that will look in the CSS.

button.loading span {
  color: transparent;
  opacity: 0;
}
button.loading .loader {
  fill: transparent;
  display: block;
  opacity: 1;
}

As you can see, once the loading class is added, we make the first span transparent and give the loader an opacity of 1!

JavaScript to Tidy up

The last thing we need to do is add the loading class once we submit the form:

const form = document.getElementById('form');

form.addEventListener('submit', function (event) {
  event.preventDefault();
  const button = form.querySelector('button');
  button.classList.add('loading');
  button.disabled = true;
});

We retrieve the form and add a submit listener. Then we make sure the form doesn't submit. Then we get the button inside the form and add a loading class to the ClassList. And disable the button for now.

You can see this in action on this Codepen.

See the Pen CSS Animated Submit Loading by Chris Bongers (@rebelchris) on CodePen.

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