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Angular dynamic classes using ngClass

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Changes classes dynamically in Angular

31 Mar, 2021 ยท 2 min read

Yesterday, we looked at dynamic form fields, and it made me think about custom classes in Angular.

You might want to add class1 based on a condition or class2 if the condition is not met.

How can we achieve such a thing? Well, that is where the ngClass comes in handy.

How ngClass works

Before we make things dynamic, let's first look at how it looks without any conditions.

If you want to work along with me, I'm using this branch as the starter template.

Open up the app.component.html file.

Add the following.

<div [ngClass]="'m-8 p-8 bg-blue-500'">Hi, I'm the div</div>

This will add three classes to this div. And it will look something like this:

Default ngClass useage

But now, let's introduce a dynamic class based on a condition.

<div [ngClass]="[color ? 'bg-blue-500' : 'bg-purple-500']">Hi, I'm the div</div>

This is a reversed boolean check, so we check if the color variable is true, it will be blue, else purple.

Now we need to add this variable to our app.component.ts file.

export class AppComponent {
  color: boolean = false;
}

If we run this, we get a purple block, which is correct. Let's add a simple click function to toggle the state.

<div (click)="color = !color" [ngClass]="[color ? 'bg-blue-500' : 'bg-purple-500']">
  Hi, I'm the div
</div>

This will toggle the color variable to the opposite.

And now we should see the color change if we click it.

Angular ngClass dynamic condition

And with that, we've learned how to change classes dynamically in Angular.

You can find today's code on the following GitHub repo.

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